Home Forums General Discussion Good afternoon, The deficit of electricity in Africa.

13 replies, 9 voices Last updated by  Bishal 1 year, 10 months ago
  • Author
  • #38387


    Is it possible to resolve electricity deficit in Africa?

  • #38532

    Olawale Olapegba

    Africa’s installed capacity of power is 90GW. That is about the equivalent to Germany’s installed capacity from wind and solar sources alone. This tells two major stories; Africa is actually more power poor than it is poor in other instances when compared with other countries – before you even begin to do a country by country comparison between an average African country and say a European country or even a South East Asian one. It helps to bring it back home quickly: according to mecometer.com, Nigeria’s installed capacity is 5.9GW (2013 numbers) while the same list places South Africa at 44GW. In fact, when you take away South Africa’s numbers from that of the other sub-Saharan African countries, what you have is an entirely dark reality. More than anything else, Africa has an energy challenge; in Nigeria, it appears we have now finally realised this and for once, the Nigerian masses are actually demanding power more than they have done in a long while. Japheth Omojuwa (2016).

    I know 5 Ps of power: Politics, Partnerships, Policies, Prices and People. Of all these, People matter most. Like democratic power, electric power also belongs to the people – they only need a paradigm shift!

  • #40706


    Some of the reasons for deficit of electricity in Africa are:
    •Lack of sufficient innovative and appropriate financing of bankable projects;
    •Appropriate policy and regulatory environments;
    •Pricing incentives and coordination.

    Ways to overcome existing obstacles.
    •Setting up of right enabling policy environment;
    •Enabling utility companies;
    •Dramatically increasing the number of bankable energy projects;
    •Increasing the funding pool to deliver new projects;
    •Funding “bottom of the pyramid” energy access programs;
    •Accelerating major regional projects and driving integration;
    •Rolling out waves of country-wide energy “turnarounds”

  • #47011

    Louise Anderson

    Thanks Foyeh for your proposed solutions.

    In terms of overcoming existing obstacles, I think we could add two items here:
    – Collaboration between neighbouring African countries (this is already happening and increasing)
    – Collaboration with European countries to try and use the lessons learned

    I think microgrids could be a solution for towns/small cities which are far from population centres. This avoids the need to build long transmission infrastructure. However, as you pointed out above, the right regulatory frameworks are required to ensure that the operator of the microgrid acts for the good of society – particularly when it comes to maintenance of the microgrid and the control of costs when equipment needs to be replaced or refurbished. Perhaps miniature versions of price caps + innovation incentives would be appropriate.

    I would like to see the microgrids designed using local persons and built using local resources reducing the overall life cycle costs and building on the existing knowledge base where possible.


  • #47014

    Louise Anderson

    I share with you an interesting document by EY on Europe regulatory approaches for information. Louise

  • #47016

    Louise Anderson


    here’s the link instead

  • #47050


    Dear Mr. OLAWALE,
    I appreciate your development, but it should be accompanied sources when you referred to the whole Africa. Can I have the sources of your data? Thank you

  • #47052


    Following Mr. FOYEH,
    I think in my opinion that the real problem of the low rate of access to electricity in Africa resides on several aspects. I would take the example that the majority of the African population live in rural areas. Many investors in the electricity sector refuse rural areas because of low income of these population thus making it very difficult or impossible the return on their investment. The solution to these problems would be to put in place incentives to encourage investors to interresser in the rural area by promoting the local production of electricity by renewable energy. Otherwise, make network expansion, although this solution often has many disadvantages for operators

  • #51292


    The energy mix is a new concept in Cameroon, my country. After the last conference on climate change which took place in November 2015 in Paris, the president of the Republic took engagement to increase at 25% the offer of renewable energy. For him, it is important to increase this offer in order to fight the climate changes. But, certain peoples thing that the renewable energy is very expensive, when we compare with the thermal energy. In my opinion, it is important to promote this type of energy in order to preserve the planet.

  • #55781


    Africa has a great electrical potential that is under exploited. I think one way to develop these potentials can be by putting in place good PPP projects. So privates should bring fundings needed, build and exploit electrical infrastructures; and the Government should put in place neccessary conditions and an efficient monitoring and supervision.

  • #56688


    It is known that Africa enregy potential is very big. The deficit of electricity in africa is as in other sector due to historical facts. This deficit find its causes into some main reasons like lack of politiccal will, lack of financial means to invest in development generally and in enrgy especilly.
    Other elements can be mentionned like the fact that investments are not done in rural area as in urban or industrial zones. also, sometime there is production capacity but not enough transportation facilities and this cause a maladjument of the investment.

  • #64474


    Africa country have a great energy potential. This electrical potential is under exploited. Some main reasons are in the origin of the deficit ohf electricity in Africa. These reasons are:
     lack of political will,
     Lack of sufficient appropriate financing of bankable projects to invest in various areas (urban, rural …);

    I think that the solutions of this problems can be:
     putting in place incentives to encourage investors to invest in the rural areas in the logic of promoting the local production of electricity by renewable energy;
     Collaboration between neighbouring African countries in the way of mutual aid in case of electrical deficit.
    thanks for reading

  • #64478


    other reasons are:
    – the weakness of electrical network ( because no respond at the needs of country)
    – the lack or few of technical competence.

  • #110861


    Electricity deficit depicts a chicken and egg problem.

    Chicken part of the problem is
    – Utility hesitates to invest in distribution and transmission because they fear that they won’t cover the cost because of demand or the consumer’s ability to pay.

    Egg part of the problem is
    – There is no electricity and this doesn’t allow the demand to exist, which in effect further dilutes utility’s ability to foresight growth in demand.

    However, since electricity is a social/public service, governments should take the lead in expanding their energy access and providing reliable electricity/ This creates an enabling environment to residents, businesses, and industries to invest in productive assets/resources to generate income and improve livelihood.

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